Fukuoka-Bonfils grain cultivation method
The method Fukuoka-Bonfils is a natural method of cultivation of winter cereals, which its authors, Masanobu Fukuoka, and Marc Bonfils, watched from nature. It is based on the knowledge of soil functions, the life cycle of cereals and their mutual relations. The life cycle of cereals consists of 2 phases, time-bound solstice.
Since the summer solstice (21.6.) until the winter solstice the vegetation phase takes place, which Marc Bonfils called touch and is characterized by the shorter days. In a prolonged period of days, from the winter solstice (21.12.) until the summer solstice the reproductive phase takes place, which the M. Bonfils called breathing. At this stage, the plant produces stems and ears.
The procedure for growing grains by this method differs from conventional breeding in particular on four points:
A) adoption of no system - land to cultivate is not plowed or otherwise, firstly crops grow a carpet of creeping clover (Trifolium repens) and then corn is planted into it. Clover on the soil remains permanently and this system allows the same box to grow the same crop for several years in a row.
B) The time of sowing - the grain sown in the second half of June (around 6.21) as opposed to September-October in the traditional way.
C) Density of sowing (sowing in more detail) - corn is planted in an amount of 0.7 to 2 kg / ha compared to about 200 kg / ha in the traditional way. When the original varieties recommended by a lower density reach 1.5 plants per m2 (80 cm staples) and the newer varieties with a higher density reach 4 plants per m2 (50 cm staples).
D) None agrochemicals - corn is grown without chemical fertilizers and without the means to protect them against diseases and pests.
In the area where is no organic pollution in the soil, in the environment and groundwater there are not chemical agents used for fertilization and plant protection. Soil is all year-round protected against erosion (washing away, blown) and drying permanent vegetation cover, which will also provide better absorption for rainwater. Even when using traditional technologies to collect the grain by this method significantly reduces fuel consumption (land not cultivated by machinery) and its negative environmental consequences. But this method actively improves the environment that heals the land, it restores normal life and return its natural fertility.